The sky is vast. The stars are far away. We imagine pictures in the points of light, and make stories to fix into our brains their position in the sky. I look up in winter and find Orion; I look up in summer and find the Big Dipper. Someone sometime tells me that we see a star’s light long after it dies. I think about that, watching for the ghost-light of an extinguished star.


The word sidereal means of or with respect to the distant stars. Sidereal time is a “time scale based on Earth’s rate of rotation measured relative to the fixed stars” (Wikipedia)


The stars [appear to] move across the sky because we move. Or rather, the orb on which we live moves. Wandering star means planet: a bright star moving at its own pace through the sky. We live on a wandering star. We think we see the stars move. They might already be gone.

Half of the entire heavens, scattered on all sides thousands in all directions //  the naked eye able to see six stars.


This artist book, Sidereal, is about all these things. It is about the vastness of the sky and the distance of the stars. It is about how we comprehend and measure that distance. It is about how perspective, placement and location affect how we perceive what is around us. It is about the distance that separates us, and the space that connects us. It is about things disappearing in plain sight, being present and lost at the same time. It is about patiently waiting centuries to find answers to our questions.

The great temporary star of 1572…it disappeared like the first leaving no trace behind.


Accidental research for this project began in early 2017. The full solar eclipse was coming; I was interested in the sky and browsed for old astronomy textbooks. The Heavens (1873) by Amédée Guillemin came up during a cursory library browse. Noticing it was last checked out from my University Library in 1964, I thought it deserved a thorough paging-through. The chapters in The Heavens were first published as popular booklets. All text for Sidereal is excerpted and reassembled from Guillemin’s prose, specifically from the chapters about stars. Images in Sidereal are hand-drawn from the diagrams of constellations found in the book.


Intentional research for this project began in early 2018. After a summer of reading The Heavens for an hour most mornings, I found common threads in the excerpts I had written down. Most had to do with distance or perspective. I started to think of stars as embodying a ‘closeness of distance’ – knowing that people thousands of years ago looked up at these constellations, made stories to mark their moments across the sky, made me feel close to them by looking at these far-away bodies. There was a push-pull of a vastness too great to comprehend, with a feeling of being connected to others through time – through this same distance. Humans, connected through time, separated by space.


What does it mean to be far apart? How do we measure that distance?

The distance which separates us is so great / there is nothing to astonish us


The book contains a number of fold-out pages. These are inspired by the map-folds of The Heavens. The fold-outs create a physical barrier and pause in the reading – their placement allows for multiple readings or new understandings of the texts they conceal or reveal.  One sentence turns into a different sentence as a fold-out is fully extended.


Images are built by combining two letterpress processes: relief printed collagraph blocks, and pressure printing. The relief blocks print a fine brushmark pattern. The prints each use between nine and 14 collagraph blocks. The overlayering of the patterned brushmarks builds a dense pattern of fine lines similar to crosshatching. For each layer of the image, I change out the relief block, but keep using the same pressure print template. The stars were slowly built, layering ink and leaving the points of light blank. The type is handset Univers, purchased from the M&H Typefoundry. The paper is Okawara Handmade. The binding is a longstitch, with the bound book fitted into a modified conservation rebind wrapper. The edition size is 35. The book is housed in a drop spine box. Closed, Sidereal measures 12 inches tall, by 7.5 inches wide, with a spine width of ½ inch.

VIEW A SHORT FILM OF SIDEREAL at the Minnesota Center for Book Arts MCBA Prize Finalists showcase.